These can be found nesting inside bird boxes, in compost heaps, sheds, general waste and behind the soffit/fascia in urban settings. Very common, they are important pollinators. Not aggressive unless the nest is disturbed, they have a yearly lifecycle and the nest will disperse by Autumn.
SIZE: variable. The queens are the largest, the males are smaller and the workers vary in sizes from small to medium.
COLOUR: generally black and yellow with reddish/ginger or white depending on the species.
APPEARANCE: stocky and hairy.
WHAT TO DO: if you can, leave them alone. Relocation is generally not an option, and the nesting location will be empty of bees by Autumn.